www.mozilla.com Weather Central
Voices
Headlines

Public record (July 29, 2014) -7/29/2014, 8:15 AM

Gerstner: I don't love 'Lucy,' but have seen worse -7/29/2014, 8:15 AM

Disaster training exercise scheduled for Kansas cities -7/28/2014, 12:32 PM

Kansas children asked to draw posters for contest -7/28/2014, 12:32 PM

Many options available to help victims of abuse -7/28/2014, 9:03 AM

Victims of violence need help from supporters -7/21/2014, 8:10 AM

Vision Dance Company brings home honors -7/20/2014, 6:43 PM

Get control of weeds in wheat stubble -7/20/2014, 11:19 AM

Business Briefcase (July 20, 2014) -7/20/2014, 11:19 AM

Horse owners encouraged to watch horses for VS -7/18/2014, 2:34 PM

Kansas Lottery sales set new record in FY2014 -7/18/2014, 3:58 PM

Celebration VBS begins Monday -7/18/2014, 9:56 AM

ELL strategies workshop to equip area teachers for diverse classrooms -7/17/2014, 8:47 AM

Admissions at FHSU partners with advanced English class -7/17/2014, 7:43 AM

Political science degree program at FHSU ranks No. 11 -7/17/2014, 7:43 AM

Music offers many benefits, so sing out -7/16/2014, 2:26 PM

Words of 'wit and wisdom' from days gone by -7/16/2014, 2:26 PM

Public record (July 14, 2014) -7/15/2014, 10:27 AM

'Dawn of the Planet of the Apes' shines -7/15/2014, 8:32 AM

Different strategies can help victims deal with violence -7/14/2014, 9:56 AM

Public record (July 9, 2014) -7/8/2014, 10:28 AM

'Tammy' is every kind of bad -7/8/2014, 7:57 AM

Smaller number of men victims of domestic violence -7/7/2014, 8:44 AM

Hays After 5 to celebrate 38 years -7/4/2014, 9:37 AM

Hope for today: Remember to mind your manners -7/4/2014, 9:28 AM

Celebrating rain, national ice cream month -7/3/2014, 9:28 AM

Honey, don't forget the (healthy) vacation snacks -7/3/2014, 9:28 AM

'Transformers: Age of Extinction' arrives with a soulless, explosion-packed dud for the viewer's eye -7/1/2014, 1:25 PM

Fourth of July fireworks safety tips -6/29/2014, 2:19 PM

FHSU alumnus and chapter of year recognized for service -6/29/2014, 2:19 PM

Animal health considerations for cows fed in confinement -6/29/2014, 4:03 PM

Business Briefcase (June 29, 2014) -6/29/2014, 4:03 PM

Summer interns participate in community service day -6/29/2014, 4:03 PM

Creep feeding or early weaning when forage is limited -6/22/2014, 1:58 PM

Galaxy, Kansas Aviation win top biz honors -6/22/2014, 1:58 PM

Business Briefcase (June 22, 2014) -6/22/2014, 1:58 PM

Where are you in your financial plan? -6/17/2014, 10:55 AM

Wheatland center receives award -6/15/2014, 2:28 PM

Business Briefcase (June 15, 2014) -6/15/2014, 2:28 PM

Dave says: Take the Roth -6/10/2014, 10:45 AM

Pregnancy testing cow herd pays off in the long run -6/8/2014, 2:21 PM

Summer events scheduled at the Hays Recreation Center -6/1/2014, 11:14 AM

Overbey heading home to eastern Kansas -5/25/2014, 10:43 AM

Don't ignore those honey-locust trees in pastures -5/25/2014, 10:43 AM

Elementary school movie reviews -5/20/2014, 8:47 AM

When to castrate calves could affect weight later on -5/18/2014, 1:43 PM

Business Briefcase (May 11, 2014) -5/18/2014, 1:43 PM

News from North Central Kansas Technical College -5/11/2014, 4:04 PM

Evaluate risk for delayed rebreeding as a stockman -5/11/2014, 4:04 PM

Heaven is for real -5/9/2014, 9:59 AM

Students help with shelter's landscape -5/8/2014, 3:58 PM

Birthday -5/8/2014, 3:58 PM

Planning funerals in advance makes decisions easier -5/8/2014, 3:58 PM

Barton College offers summer outreach programs -5/4/2014, 2:23 PM

Controlling parasites essential for healthy calves -5/4/2014, 2:22 PM

La Crosse woman completes beef training -5/4/2014, 2:41 PM

Business Briefcase (May 4, 2014) -5/4/2014, 2:40 PM

Monahan takes Franciscan vows -5/2/2014, 8:39 AM

D of I recognizes long-time members -5/2/2014, 8:39 AM

Agencies collaborate to explore Medicare basics -5/1/2014, 9:26 AM

Birthdays -5/1/2014, 9:26 AM

One good rain won't save drought-stricken farmers -4/27/2014, 3:04 PM

Business Briefcase (April 27, 2014) -4/27/2014, 3:04 PM

'Transcendence' fails to connect elements -4/22/2014, 4:39 PM

Spring gallery walk schedule -4/21/2014, 4:37 PM

Parents can teach children skills for coping with stress -4/21/2014, 4:38 PM

Law enforcement works to further decrease fatalities -4/20/2014, 5:48 PM

Public record, April 18, 2014 -4/18/2014, 4:39 PM

Roadwork to begin in Phillips/Smith counties -4/18/2014, 4:45 PM

Public record, April 17, 2014 -4/17/2014, 4:39 PM

Public record, April 16, 2014 -4/16/2014, 4:39 PM

Enjoying high school memories -4/16/2014, 10:27 AM

Public record, April 15, 2014 -4/15/2014, 4:39 PM

New ponies, warmer weather welcome in spring -4/15/2014, 8:47 AM

Coping strategies, including healthy eating, can reduce stress -4/13/2014, 9:46 AM

Winners chosen for Hays art exhibition -4/10/2014, 12:12 PM

Putting parent burn-out into perspective -4/10/2014, 11:08 AM

-4/8/2014, 8:35 AM

Many factors can cause stress in families, including divorce, death -4/4/2014, 9:23 AM

God brings life to dry bones -4/4/2014, 8:27 AM

Aging issues addressed in April Extension programs -4/3/2014, 9:51 AM

Quilting, eighth-grade activities make up Eicher family time -4/1/2014, 9:15 AM

Many stressors exist in several types of families in United States -3/31/2014, 10:11 AM

Power of vegetables and fruits -3/27/2014, 8:46 AM

A few more expensive pinot noirs, but ones well worth the cash -3/25/2014, 9:27 AM

Early start to morning leads to busy day for Eicher family -3/25/2014, 9:27 AM

Families need to find proper ways to deal with stress -3/23/2014, 9:20 AM

Birthday -3/19/2014, 9:19 AM

Trichomoniasis in cattle herds increasing -3/15/2014, 12:07 PM

Wines and consumer behavior -3/11/2014, 3:03 PM

Propane refill hits budget; hog butchering on tap -3/11/2014, 3:03 PM

Workplace, workforce sees changes through decades -3/10/2014, 9:56 AM

The Church is called to reflect Jesus outside of church -3/7/2014, 3:49 PM

Extension workshop features estate planning -3/6/2014, 3:49 PM

Enhance employee wellness with Walk Kansas -3/5/2014, 3:49 PM

Change your clocks, smoke alarm batteries -3/4/2014, 3:49 PM

Winter blues continue for Eicher family -3/4/2014, 1:53 PM

KDOT announces approved February bids -3/3/2014, 4:28 PM

K-23 pavement replacement project to begin -3/3/2014, 4:19 PM

Celtic guitarist Barlow performing at library -3/2/2014, 4:10 PM

myTown Calendar

SPOTLIGHT
[var top_story_head]

Teff grass useful for emergency feed

Published on -6/22/2013, 1:45 PM

Printer-friendly version
E-Mail This Story

By CHRISTOPHER PETTY and JOSH COLTRAIN

Special to The Hays Daily News

Teff (Erogrostis tef), also known as Lovegrass, a warm-season annual native to Ethiopia, is an excellent emergency forage crop feed source for livestock when established properly.

Cattle and horses readily eat teff hay. Teff exhibits drought tolerance, good fertilizer response and can be grown on marginal soils. It is a highly palatable, fine-stemmed grass than can be planted any time after the threat of frost. It can work as an emergency feed source when planted after wheat.

Teff harvest can take place as soon as 45 days after seeding and should be done prior to maturation for best quality. Teff is best grown for hay. Grazing is not suggested as it can cause uprooting of plants. Teff is not known to cause prussic acid or nitrate poisoning.

Seedbed prep: Teff generally requires a very shallow seeding depth of around quarter-inch or less. Good seed to soil contact is important. A firm seedbed is suggested. Due to the extremely small size of teff seed, it can be difficult to meter properly through a drill. Results in Northwest Kansas were satisfactory when teff was drop seeded followed by a pass with a harrow to lightly bury the seed into worked soil.

Planting date: Teff is a cold-intolerant plant, native to Africa. Do not plant teff prior to the frost-free date in your area. For good results, it should not be planted during the fall to avoid cold nighttime temperatures.

Rate: Teff seeds are very small, with 1 pound containing more than a million seeds. Approximately 8 pounds per acre (give or take a pound) seems to work well in northwest Kansas. Slightly increase seeding rates for coated seed. Coating increases size to allow for better flow through seeding equipment.

Seed selection: Teff seed comes in forage production and seed production varieties. Forage varieties have higher tonnage yields and feed quality.

Insects and disease: Insect and disease pressure is minimal.

Fertilization: Teff responds well to nitrogen fertilization similarly to fescue. Soil test prior to seeding in order to determine available nutrients. When planted early into good moisture conditions. Two cuttings can be expected. Fertilizing again with nitrogen after cutting can have positive result. Thirty to 50 pounds of nitrogen per acre/per cutting is recommended.

Weed control: Applications of grass herbicides have been proven successful in teff crops. Contact your local extension office or chemical supplier for specific products. Broadleaf herbicides should not be used until Teff plant has five to seven leaves.

Yield: Results from northwest Kansas in 2008 to 2012 ran from a low of approximately 1,300 pounds per acre, when planted after wheat, to a high of 3,500 pounds per acre when planted in May and managed for maximum production.

Quality can vary greatly depending on harvest maturity. Harvesting after seed heading can greatly reduce quality. Mature or freeze-damaged teff has a protein level similar to straw or mature prairie hay. For best results, harvest in 45 to 55 days, prior to heading. Well-managed teff crops can have protein content in the 9 percent to 15 percent range.

Christopher Petty is Graham County Extension agent, and Josh Coltrain is Wildcat District Extension agent.

digg delicious facebook stumbleupon google Newsvine
More News and Photos

Associated Press Videos