www.mozilla.com Weather Central
Voices
Headlines

McDonald’s of WaKeeney invests in library -9/18/2014, 5:45 PM

State receives $3.5 million grant to reduce infant mortality -9/18/2014, 3:00 PM

Kansas highway system ranked 5th in national report -9/18/2014, 11:51 AM

Dixon joins FHSU with social media marketing as her mission -9/18/2014, 11:15 AM

In case of emergency, prepare a grab-and-go kit -9/18/2014, 9:08 AM

Birthday -9/18/2014, 9:07 AM

Association donates 105 car seats to KHP -9/18/2014, 4:50 PM

Kansas receives CDC funding to gather data -9/17/2014, 4:14 PM

Brownback orders flags lowered -9/17/2014, 11:08 AM

Life during retirement is still plenty busy -9/17/2014, 8:51 AM

Generations briefs (Sept. 17, 2014) -9/17/2014, 8:50 AM

'No Good Deed?' More like, 'No good, dude' -9/16/2014, 9:38 PM

Delta Zeta Turtle Tug: Tug your heart out -9/16/2014, 4:19 PM

Moss-Thorns Gallery of Art hosts exhibitions throughout the year -9/16/2014, 4:19 PM

Moran names service academy selection board -9/16/2014, 4:19 PM

Department of Informatics offers a new concentration in health informatics -9/16/2014, 4:19 PM

Magician on this season's 'America's Got Talent' will perform on the FHSU campus -9/16/2014, 4:19 PM

Parenting adolescents takes many twists, turns -9/15/2014, 9:20 AM

-9/14/2014, 1:57 PM

Capital investments for cow-calf enterprises in profitable times -9/14/2014, 1:57 PM

Business briefcase (Sept. 14, 2014) -9/14/2014, 1:57 PM

Stork club -9/14/2014, 1:57 PM

Hays Recreation Commission calendar -9/14/2014, 1:57 PM

The Paradox of the cross -9/12/2014, 10:10 AM

Local celebs to get behind wheels of race cars -9/11/2014, 8:50 AM

Make and take a pizza for family meal -9/11/2014, 8:50 AM

Children's center hosting events in October -9/9/2014, 5:03 PM

NKAVI meeting Saturday -9/8/2014, 2:34 PM

During September, pay it forward by giving blood -9/8/2014, 4:54 PM

Ribbon cut on K-23 project north of Hoxie -9/8/2014, 11:46 AM

AG Schmidt to visit western Kansas -9/8/2014, 11:37 AM

Kansans invited to come to statewide transportation meetings -9/8/2014, 11:37 AM

Pilot projects to launch Kanstarter -9/8/2014, 11:28 AM

Parenting adolescents starts when they are younger -9/8/2014, 9:11 AM

Clubs and meetings -9/7/2014, 3:59 PM

NSP elects officers -9/7/2014, 3:23 PM

Busting myths about ticks in the U.S. -- Part II -9/7/2014, 3:23 PM

Business Briefcase (Sept. 7, 2014) -9/7/2014, 3:23 PM

Kansas Lottery launches new 'Frogger' game -9/5/2014, 10:26 AM

Dealing with mental illness -9/5/2014, 8:52 AM

Schodorf points to discrepancy in U.S. Senate ruling -9/4/2014, 4:58 PM

Kansas Emergency Preparedness Day is Monday -9/4/2014, 2:59 PM

Guidebook, videos offer convenient information for travel planning -9/4/2014, 12:24 PM

State treasurer announces $1K giveaway at state fair -9/4/2014, 12:23 PM

Extension series brings knowledge -9/4/2014, 12:24 PM

FHSU's Career Services hosts its 27th annual Career-Internship Day -9/3/2014, 4:28 PM

Discuss watering tips for the drought during Science Cafe -9/3/2014, 4:28 PM

Tigers in Service, Hays Rotary Club host 4th annual Paint-A-Thon -9/3/2014, 4:28 PM

FHSU's online degree program earns national recognition -9/3/2014, 4:27 PM

Massage therapy training now offered through Department of Health and Human Performance -9/3/2014, 4:27 PM

5th-graders will take a field trip to Forsyth Library -9/3/2014, 4:27 PM

Local grocery store partners with FHSU to donate food items -9/3/2014, 4:27 PM

FHSU alumnus accepted into the 2015 NCECA exhibition -9/3/2014, 2:56 PM

Dedication ceremony for K-161 in Bird City planned -9/3/2014, 2:56 PM

Local students awarded degrees from FHSU -9/3/2014, 1:44 PM

Estes brings unclaimed property to state fair -9/3/2014, 11:01 AM

Awards announced for Sept. 11 National Day of Service and Remembrance Mini-Grants -9/3/2014, 11:01 AM

Delving into the past to discover language barriers -9/3/2014, 8:28 AM

KDOT announces approved August bids -9/3/2014, 2:56 PM

'The November Man' brings an end to summer -9/2/2014, 10:37 AM

A busy weekend full of family, food, fun for Yoders -9/2/2014, 8:48 AM

Public record, Aug. 29, 2014 -8/29/2014, 8:23 PM

The storm is a moment of grace -8/29/2014, 10:00 AM

6th annual majors, graduate programs fair coming this fall -8/27/2014, 10:15 AM

State receives USDA training grants to help schools -8/27/2014, 10:24 AM

Forsyth Library gets new leader -8/27/2014, 10:15 AM

FHSU Management Development Center schedules 4 fall workshops -8/27/2014, 10:15 AM

Patent issued for research that alleviates pain in cattle -8/27/2014, 8:22 PM

Thanking God for teachers -8/27/2014, 8:22 AM

Bowers selected as 2014 CSG Toll Fellow -8/26/2014, 2:04 PM

Water vision draft survey developed -8/26/2014, 1:55 PM

Governor proclaims campus fire safety month -8/26/2014, 11:04 AM

Leadership class visits Kansas City -8/26/2014, 10:55 AM

Take KDOT along on your fall travels -8/26/2014, 10:45 AM

The meeting of boy and girl turns into husband and wife for Yoders -8/26/2014, 9:39 AM

Free screenings offered for children -8/25/2014, 10:55 AM

2014 survey shows motorists continue to pass stopped buses -8/25/2014, 10:55 AM

Authoritative parenting has pluses for adolescents -8/25/2014, 8:34 AM

What you see is (not) what you get -8/24/2014, 2:30 PM

Public record, Aug. 22, 2014 -8/22/2014, 6:53 PM

Business Briefcase (Aug. 24, 2014) -8/22/2014, 2:30 PM

The journey often is part of the gift -8/22/2014, 8:44 AM

Bucks rewarded to drivers who buckle up -8/21/2014, 10:55 AM

A look back at the early years -8/19/2014, 9:01 AM

Parenting adolescents through stages of life crucial -8/18/2014, 10:16 AM

Weed control on rangelands -- Part III -8/17/2014, 1:30 PM

Business Briefcase (Aug. 17, 2014) -8/17/2014, 1:30 PM

Church should help mentally ill -8/15/2014, 8:49 AM

Final 4-H recipe from Ellis County Fair is a winner -8/14/2014, 9:09 AM

Great Bend resident appointed Rotary District Governor -8/14/2014, 9:08 AM

Remembering the start of school back in the good ol' days -8/13/2014, 9:19 AM

'Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles' is uninspiring -8/12/2014, 9:02 AM

Actor, comedian Robin Williams dies at 63 in apparent suicide -8/11/2014, 8:38 PM

Adolescents' actions vary depending on parenting style -8/11/2014, 8:55 AM

Clubs and meetings -8/10/2014, 3:19 PM

Weed control on rangeland -- Part II -8/10/2014, 3:19 PM

Business Briefcase (Aug. 10, 2014) -8/10/2014, 3:19 PM

HaysMed doctor named to school wall of honor -8/10/2014, 3:18 PM

Bringing children to Christ -8/8/2014, 7:54 AM

Learning to get along together -8/8/2014, 7:54 AM

myTown Calendar

SPOTLIGHT
[var top_story_head]

Obesity, risky behavior linked to too much media exposure

Published on -4/8/2013, 8:21 AM

Printer-friendly version
E-Mail This Story

This is the seventh in a series about violence in contemporary culture.

Q: What are some other negative effects of media exposure?

A: Time spent with the media and electronic devices can deprive young children of needed time playing, exploring and interacting with families and peers. When children get older, too much media time can replace reading, physical activities, homework, time with friends and family time.

One of the foremost public health issues in the United States in recent decades has been the development of obesity in children. Those children who spend more than four hours daily watching television are likely to be overweight. The link of excessive television time to obesity long has been established by health experts as a significant causative factor.

The weight problem for children also arises because of the lack of physical exercise coupled with the snacks consumed during television time. Commercials play a role in overeating because they target children and youth. Junk food gets a lot of attention from advertisers. Limiting caloric intake matters, especially if children are consuming more and exercising less.

Another negative effect of advertising that extends beyond food is the media marketing to children and youth to sell toys, the latest technology and other unnecessary items that are presented as desirable and essential. Such advertising creates confusion in children between what they want and what they need. They become more insistent about material possessions and have less and less frustration tolerance when told no or asked to postpone what they want.

An additional negative influence of the media is the depiction of risky behavior as fun, exciting and "adult." The list of these risk-taking behaviors has not changed much over the last 50 to 75 years. These behaviors include drinking alcohol, doing drugs, smoking cigarettes and experiencing sex. The consequences of these endeavors are not emphasized or sometimes not even mentioned.

A study by the Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth reported alcohol ads on television increased 30 percent from 2001 to 2006. Although cigarette ads are banned from television, there are lots of people smoking on television programs and movies.

In a speech made in 1996, Ellen A. Wartella, dean of the College of Education, and Walter Cronkite Regents Chairwoman in communication at the University of Texas in Austin, analyzed the context of television violence. Wartella believes history substantiates that violence pays. The world is shaped by the use of power, and violence is the most extreme form of power. Violence also pays in entertainment. Thanks in large part to the presence of violence in the media, American entertainment products are the second largest export in the country.

Wartella makes several pertinent observations about media violence. In the majority of television programs and movies, the violence is committed by perpetrators who engage in patterns of repeated acts of aggression, not isolated instances. Warnings about violence in both television programs and movies is lacking. In the years 1994 to 1995, only 15 percent of violent presentations had advisory or violence warnings, and most of those were for movies.

Another observation from Wartella is perpetrators are not punished. Therefore, the media sanctions violence as an acceptable solution. In addition, consequences for victims are not portrayed realistically. Approximately one out of six programs shows long-term consequences, such as physical suffering, emotional harm or financial repercussions.

Another context of violence that undermines the seriousness of harm is the use of humor. More than one third of all violent scenes involve humor. Slapstick follows this model, but it is so heavy on comedy the violence aspect is downplayed.

Violent programs seldom employ anti-violent themes. Approximately 4 percent of programs have these messages. Rather, violence is portrayed as appealing, effective and socially acceptable.

A final aspect of media violence context is rap music. In an article published by Jeanita Richardson and Kim Scott in the Journal of Negro Education, 2002, Howard University, the authors state rap music developed as a catharsis for youth to voice dissatisfaction with society. Rap music is rooted in the African traditions of speaking in rhythm to a beat by some kind of background music. Lower income, urban black children, especially, articulate their anger and frustration with mainstream society through rap music. Rap is a cultural expression and a political commentary on the lives of poor, urban African Americans.

Rap music originated in New York City and offered a dialogue on drugs, police brutality, sex and deprivation of material goods. The authors believe rap was born of the inadequate solutions to social inequities. Society was a player in creating the hopelessness reflected in rap music. The music does not incite violence. It calls attention to the structural and cultural injustices in the social system in America. Rap calls attention to the failures of our social institutions including government, business, social welfare, schools, religions and families.

* Next week's article will begin a discussion of strategies and recommendations to deal with the contemporary culture of violence.

Judy Caprez is an associate professor of social work at Fort Hays State University. Send your questions in care of the department of sociology and social work, Rarick Hall, FHSU.

digg delicious facebook stumbleupon google Newsvine
More News and Photos

Associated Press Videos