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caprez headline -4/21/2014, 6:39 PM

Law enforcement works to further decrease fatalities -4/20/2014, 5:48 PM

Roadwork to begin in Phillips/Smith counties -4/18/2014, 4:45 PM

Enjoying high school memories -4/16/2014, 10:27 AM

New ponies, warmer weather welcome in spring -4/15/2014, 8:47 AM

Coping strategies, including healthy eating, can reduce stress -4/13/2014, 9:46 AM

Winners chosen for Hays art exhibition -4/10/2014, 12:12 PM

Putting parent burn-out into perspective -4/10/2014, 11:08 AM

-4/8/2014, 8:35 AM

Many factors can cause stress in families, including divorce, death -4/4/2014, 9:23 AM

God brings life to dry bones -4/4/2014, 8:27 AM

Aging issues addressed in April Extension programs -4/3/2014, 9:51 AM

Quilting, eighth-grade activities make up Eicher family time -4/1/2014, 9:15 AM

Many stressors exist in several types of families in United States -3/31/2014, 10:11 AM

Power of vegetables and fruits -3/27/2014, 8:46 AM

A few more expensive pinot noirs, but ones well worth the cash -3/25/2014, 9:27 AM

Early start to morning leads to busy day for Eicher family -3/25/2014, 9:27 AM

Families need to find proper ways to deal with stress -3/23/2014, 9:20 AM

Birthday -3/19/2014, 9:19 AM

Trichomoniasis in cattle herds increasing -3/15/2014, 12:07 PM

Wines and consumer behavior -3/11/2014, 3:03 PM

Propane refill hits budget; hog butchering on tap -3/11/2014, 3:03 PM

Workplace, workforce sees changes through decades -3/10/2014, 9:56 AM

The Church is called to reflect Jesus outside of church -3/7/2014, 3:49 PM

Extension workshop features estate planning -3/6/2014, 3:49 PM

Enhance employee wellness with Walk Kansas -3/5/2014, 3:49 PM

Change your clocks, smoke alarm batteries -3/4/2014, 3:49 PM

Winter blues continue for Eicher family -3/4/2014, 1:53 PM

KDOT announces approved February bids -3/3/2014, 4:28 PM

K-23 pavement replacement project to begin -3/3/2014, 4:19 PM

Celtic guitarist Barlow performing at library -3/2/2014, 4:10 PM

Walk Kansas program offers health benefits -3/2/2014, 12:08 PM

Reflections on my 5 years in Hays -2/28/2014, 7:54 AM

Preserving the Family planning event March 14 -2/27/2014, 3:49 PM

Nex-Tech hosting Tech Edge Conference in June -2/27/2014, 4:28 PM

-2/27/2014, 7:54 AM

Student graphic designs featured in exhibit -2/26/2014, 3:49 PM

Remembering snow days -2/25/2014, 8:26 AM

Adjustment period can take time in step-families -2/24/2014, 11:21 AM

Birthdays -2/24/2014, 11:21 AM

Extension offers financial planning programs -2/20/2014, 9:56 AM

FHSU alum to host pitch fundraiser -2/20/2014, 9:56 AM

Program to focus on parenting teenagers -2/20/2014, 9:56 AM

Snow continues to pile up for Eichers as they hope for warmth -2/18/2014, 4:44 PM

Business Briefcase (Feb. 16, 2014) -2/16/2014, 2:53 PM

To strengthen relationships, celebrate success -2/14/2014, 10:04 AM

Sternberg Museum to offer summer camps -2/13/2014, 4:00 PM

Natoma girl promotes state program -2/13/2014, 4:00 PM

Hansen Museum displays students' artwork -2/13/2014, 4:00 PM

Hays Symphony showcases 3 young artists -2/13/2014, 4:00 PM

Hays Eagle Scout earns award -2/13/2014, 4:00 PM

'The Lego Movie' has all the right pieces -2/11/2014, 10:23 AM

Cold makes for long days for Eichers -2/4/2014, 4:23 PM

Divorce can have dramatic effect on children -2/3/2014, 10:13 AM

Whitetail agent has message -2/2/2014, 4:00 PM

Hays native wins award at bioscience symposium -1/30/2014, 11:26 AM

Be aware of earned income tax credit -1/30/2014, 11:26 AM

Learning to make the most of every day in 2014 -1/29/2014, 10:00 AM

'I, Frankenstein' a monstrously bad movie -1/28/2014, 10:15 AM

Snow still piling up for Eicher family; vacation time extended -1/28/2014, 8:54 AM

Adaptability, self-regulation key for divorcing parties -1/27/2014, 9:59 AM

God gives us gifts, wants us to share with others -1/24/2014, 11:16 AM

Celebration Church announces new series service -1/24/2014, 11:16 AM

'Jack Ryan' lays new foundation -1/21/2014, 10:01 AM

Eicher family rings in New Year in style -1/21/2014, 8:48 AM

Seeding to begin on I-70 in Sherman County -1/17/2014, 5:39 PM

The memories behind a bottle of wine -1/14/2014, 9:27 AM

Eichers gather as one big family for holiday -1/14/2014, 9:27 AM

Process of divorce can leave families in limbo at times -1/13/2014, 10:15 AM

KDA creates easy-to-follow guidelines for farmers, ranchers -1/8/2014, 3:34 PM

Eichers busy during holiday season -1/7/2014, 8:18 AM

Kansas online tax filing now available through KS WebFile -1/6/2014, 4:22 PM

Rep. Huelskamp announces military academy nominations -1/6/2014, 2:42 PM

Traveling Lincoln Exhibition coming to Hays library -1/6/2014, 2:24 PM

Whatever happened to Amelia Earhart? -1/6/2014, 2:24 PM

Divorce, remarriage can have drastic outcome on development -1/6/2014, 3:41 PM

Commerce Bank names O'Connor market president -1/3/2014, 2:02 PM

Fatalities on Kansas' roads hit all-time low in 2013 -1/3/2014, 10:15 AM

Dreams abound for a happy, peaceful new year in 2014 -1/1/2014, 12:45 PM

Kansas ends 2013 on target -12/31/2013, 3:02 PM

Remarriage, divorce can change family structure significantly -12/30/2013, 9:08 AM

Business Briefcase (Dec. 29, 2013) -12/29/2013, 1:56 PM

Reflections on all that made my Christmas merry -12/25/2013, 11:37 AM

'American Hustle,' 'Anchorman 2' worth seeing -12/24/2013, 9:10 AM

Instability in many forms can hamper family development -12/23/2013, 9:39 AM

Bridge replacement project to start on K-27 in Wallace County -12/23/2013, 8:30 PM

Business Briefcase (Dec. 22, 2013) -12/22/2013, 11:19 AM

Management minute -- Mentoring 101 -12/22/2013, 11:18 AM

Hibbett Sports prepares for new location -12/22/2013, 11:18 AM

Another year's FHSU graduates find 95-percent rate of success in jobs, advanced study -12/20/2013, 11:42 AM

Public record, Dec. 20, 2013 -12/20/2013, 10:42 AM

What the Bible says: Is it really OK to OMG? -12/20/2013, 10:05 AM

FUMC to host night service -12/20/2013, 10:04 AM

Nex-Tech Wireless hosts annual holiday toy drive -12/19/2013, 10:04 AM

Holiday traditions build strong families -12/19/2013, 10:04 AM

Public record, Dec. 18, 2013 -12/18/2013, 10:42 AM

'The Desolation of Smaug' shows improvement -12/17/2013, 11:28 AM

Business Briefcase (Dec. 15, 2013) -12/15/2013, 3:20 PM

Chamber schedules events -12/13/2013, 8:50 AM

Utility, bank establish training program -12/11/2013, 8:07 AM

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SPOTLIGHT
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Steps can be taken to ease violence in contemporary culture

Published on -4/22/2013, 8:19 AM

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This is the last in a series about violence in contemporary culture.

Q: What are additional recommendations to deal with the effects of contemporary cultural violence?

A: In an article in 1992 in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Dr. Brandon S. Centerwall emphasized the issues of quality and social responsibility in the media are peripheral to the competitive advertising market. Violence generates more viewers than other programs and therefore is preferred by the advertising industry. In the last 20 years, despite the advocacy roles of many professional organizations and experts, the media advertisers have not made any adjustments in promoting less violence.

Centerwall believes he has no recommendations for the television industry that it would be willing to accept. He believes the issue of children's overexposure to television violence is a public health issue. He sees controlling this access for children the same as requiring safety seats, bicycle helmets, good nutrition and immunizations.

Centerwall also recommends new television sets should be equipped with channel-lock circuitry that could enable parents to lock out certain channels at specific times. Also recommended is a violence rating system so parents would not have to watch every questionable program. In a national poll by the Los Angeles Times in 1989, 71 percent of adults surveyed favored violence ratings for programs on television.

Television violence and professional sports are inextricably intertwined. Any attempt to limit family viewing of sports would result in a cultural revolt. Newscasters already are discussing how next year's Super Bowl will be in New Jersey and whether there will be storms or blizzards to interfere with the extravaganza. The electrical outage in the 2013 Super Bowl was headline news for days.

The Parents Television Council recommends communities should communicate concerns to local and network television stations. Local stations could preempt programs to which local communities object. However, the problem with this recommendation is most communities would not collectively advocate against violent programs.

The Federal Communications Commission could expand the definition of broadcast indecency to include violent shows inappropriate for children. However, the PTC believes advertisers have far greater influence over broadcast standards than the FCC.

Researchers Brad J. Bushman and Craig A. Anderson from Iowa State University have written about the need for expanding roles for researchers. Public education from the results of research on media violence should be part of researchers' agendas. There have been some public education efforts from professional organizations of physicians, psychiatrists and psychologists, but not enough to seriously affect the media.

The American Journal of Public Health has published articles that discuss violence and health from a global perspective. Studies across nations demonstrate the government quality of certain social institutions provides safety nets to prevent violence. The two most important systems that need to be in place are a fair and effective criminal justice system and economic supports for persons and families in dire circumstances.

Furthermore, a risk factor that has been shown to be universally correlated with both interpersonal and collective aggression is income inequality.

The most significant factor in income inequality is not poverty itself, but the co-existence of extreme poverty and extreme wealth.

In recent decades, the gap in income inequality in the United States has been increasing.

Following the Columbine High School massacre in Littleton, Colo., there was a congressional hearing on media violence. Henry Jenkins, Ph.D., professor and director of Comparative Media Studies at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, testified at the hearing and made a series of recommendations.

Jenkins believes the context of digital media should be changed to supportive programming that supports troubled youth. For example, one entrepreneur, Sameer Parekh, created a website for youth who are rejected at school to communicate with others about their problems, thus forming a support group that offers a sense of belonging.

Another vital recommendation of Jenkins to reduce youth violence is for schools to be more proactive in creating positive environments that discourage bullying and the ostracism of cultural minorities. He also believes schools need to teach youth media coping skills, such as asking critical questions, evaluating the veracity of media and providing safeguards for privacy.

Jenkins believes schools and parents need to expand their knowledge and understanding of youth's perspectives on media programs and games.

What are children and adolescents watching and why? Simply taking a stand in the adult culture that the pop culture is negative and harmful will not lead to positive results.

Even though the rate of violent crimes is decreasing in the United States in recent years, there needs to be attention paid to the cultural context of values and standards in which youth are being immersed. The United States still leads western world countries in statistics on violence. This country would do well to reexamine its practices that support social inequality, social injustice, and racial and ethnic inequality.

Judy Caprez is an associate professor of social work at Fort Hays State University. Send your questions in care of the department of sociology and social work,

Rarick Hall, FHSU.

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