www.mozilla.com Weather Central
Voices
Headlines

Take steps to better health with Walk Kansas -3/5/2015, 4:18 PM

Hydrant flushing begins Friday -3/4/2015, 4:00 PM

Are we strangers in our own homeland or not? -3/4/2015, 9:22 AM

Heartland Community Foundation partners with 16 nonprofit funds for Match Madness -3/3/2015, 2:41 PM

Hays advances to Round 2 of showdown -3/3/2015, 11:47 AM

'Focus' ends up adrift at box office -3/3/2015, 8:38 AM

Gloria changes 'lazy' to 'busy' as she prepares potatoes -3/3/2015, 8:38 AM

Take actions to reduce post-holiday stress -3/2/2015, 9:16 AM

Breeding costs in cow/calf operations have changed -3/1/2015, 4:49 PM

Clubs and meetings (March 1, 2015) -3/1/2015, 3:45 PM

Phillipsburg DCF worker honored by governor -2/27/2015, 4:49 PM

City starting burnout Monday -2/27/2015, 4:31 PM

Hays in running for hometown showdown -2/26/2015, 1:39 PM

Local forum set for March 24 -2/26/2015, 10:29 AM

Sharma advancing MIS surgery for HaysMed -2/26/2015, 9:23 AM

Lenten retreat March 14 in Hays -2/25/2015, 11:50 AM

Spring 2015 continues enrollment growth at FHSU -2/25/2015, 10:57 AM

Rose Garden hosting special event March 9 -2/24/2015, 11:32 AM

Gloria 'Daniel-izes' dessert -2/24/2015, 8:14 AM

Breaks might help post-holiday depression -2/23/2015, 9:55 AM

Upcoming farm bill and grain price projections -2/22/2015, 5:26 PM

Clubs and meetings (Feb. 22, 2015) -2/22/2015, 3:17 PM

Birthday -2/19/2015, 8:59 AM

Extension offers advice for passing down farm or ranch -2/19/2015, 8:59 AM

A smile is friendly magic -2/18/2015, 4:56 PM

'Fifty Shades of Grey' is only slightly painful -2/17/2015, 8:44 AM

An easy-to-make, tasty food treat -2/17/2015, 4:18 PM

There are several ways to deal with post-holiday blues -2/16/2015, 9:22 AM

Kochia control in early spring for fields in wheat -2/15/2015, 2:37 PM

Business Briefcase (Feb. 15, 2015) -2/15/2015, 2:37 PM

Clubs and meetings (Feb. 15, 2015) -2/15/2015, 2:27 PM

A mother-in-law's example of faith shows transformation -2/13/2015, 9:26 AM

Birthday -2/12/2015, 9:08 AM

Elevate your marriage during National Marriage Week -2/12/2015, 9:08 AM

Taking time to have a little laugh during life's busyness -2/11/2015, 8:51 AM

Lions Club convention March 7 in Hays -2/10/2015, 4:10 PM

HaysMed welcomes new pulmonologist -2/10/2015, 1:35 PM

'SpongeBob Movie' is what you make it out to be -2/10/2015, 9:01 AM

Remembering Valentine's Days from years ago -2/9/2015, 10:07 AM

Signs can be revealing while recognizing depression -2/9/2015, 10:06 AM

Clubs and meetings (Feb. 8, 2015) -2/8/2015, 4:26 PM

Business Briefcase (Feb. 8, 2015) -2/8/2015, 3:32 PM

County Extension has farm bill information available -2/8/2015, 3:31 PM

Kansas 4-H Foundation names new president/CEO -2/5/2015, 3:32 PM

Freezer-ready slow-cooker meals can be safe and delicious -2/5/2015, 9:36 AM

Community Bulletin Board (Feb. 5, 2015) -2/5/2015, 8:15 AM

Youngsters look back through generations on KS Day -2/4/2015, 8:15 AM

Dealing with illness, vaccines through the years -2/4/2015, 8:15 AM

'Project Almanac' misallocates its resources -2/3/2015, 9:48 AM

Church services a busy time -2/3/2015, 9:47 AM

Many things can cause post-holiday depression -2/2/2015, 9:13 AM

Business Briefcase (Feb. 1, 2015) -2/1/2015, 4:32 PM

Nex-Tech names a studio space in Hammond Hall on FHSU campus -1/30/2015, 3:47 PM

Castle Rock Casiono Resort submits application for project -1/30/2015, 3:47 PM

Dreiling/Schmidt radiation oncology receives accreditation -1/30/2015, 10:13 AM

Moran gains seat on Senate Appropriations Defense Subcommittee -1/30/2015, 9:54 AM

Bible is playbook to super life, not Super Bowl, victory -1/30/2015, 8:23 AM

Moran gains seat on Senate Appropriations Defense Subcommittee -1/29/2015, 2:02 PM

Extension offers regional estate planning workshops -1/29/2015, 9:36 AM

DeBakey Heart Institute sponsoring CPR training -1/28/2015, 1:46 PM

Hays Academy of Hair Designs sweeps competition -1/28/2015, 12:06 PM

Hospital restrictions in place at HaysMed -1/28/2015, 10:25 AM

Battling the flu -1/28/2015, 10:06 AM

Comedian, author Rainn Wilson coming to FHSU -1/27/2015, 1:37 PM

Serving up a unique treat with frogmore stew -1/27/2015, 9:12 AM

DeBakey Heart Institute sponsors coffee, conversation -1/26/2015, 11:04 AM

Many can suffer from seasonal disorders -1/26/2015, 9:50 AM

Clubs and meetings (Jan. 25, 2015) -1/25/2015, 3:05 PM

Winter, spring options for winter annual weed control in wheat -1/25/2015, 3:05 PM

Bishop from Ghana visits area -1/23/2015, 7:47 AM

Eating well while spending less actually is possible -1/22/2015, 9:55 AM

One of 5 finalists for FHSU provost position withdraws -1/21/2015, 11:36 AM

Away from home, and longing to be back in Kansas -1/21/2015, 8:44 AM

New Year babies abound at Rooks County Health -1/20/2015, 1:37 PM

'American Sniper' hits its mark in U.S. theaters -1/20/2015, 9:31 AM

HaysMed leads patient safety program -1/20/2015, 9:22 AM

HaysMed joins trend, expands Point of Service collections -1/19/2015, 1:46 PM

Couture-Lovelady assigned to House Rules Committee -1/19/2015, 11:22 AM

Watch out for effects of post-holiday depression -1/19/2015, 8:38 AM

Save some trouble, get agriculture leases in writing -1/18/2015, 3:14 PM

Clubs and meetings (Jan. 18, 2015) -1/18/2015, 3:13 PM

-1/18/2015, 2:00 PM

Hays to host Western region farmers market conference -1/17/2015, 3:23 PM

Community Bulletin Board (Jan. 17, 2015) -1/17/2015, 3:14 PM

Going crazy with a series of new projects -1/16/2015, 2:09 PM

Nex-Tech acquires Computer Solutions -1/15/2015, 2:01 PM

Senior Companion honored -1/14/2015, 2:49 PM

Lang Diesel donates $1,000 to elementary school -1/13/2015, 2:58 PM

For Your Information (Jan. 13, 2015) -1/13/2015, 1:37 PM

Inside a daughter's mind; making play dough for children -1/13/2015, 9:57 AM

Holidays can be manageable, even as a stepfamily -1/12/2015, 8:47 AM

Community Bulletin Board (Jan. 12, 2015) -1/12/2015, 8:47 AM

Clubs and meetings (Jan. 11, 2015) -1/11/2015, 4:00 PM

Calling all precision agriculture geeks -1/11/2015, 3:51 PM

1st film in series on water to feature Cheyenne Bottoms, KWEC -1/9/2015, 4:27 PM

Female farmers shift production trends -1/9/2015, 4:09 PM

Halls of Ivy -1/9/2015, 4:00 PM

Hays Recreation Commission calendar -1/9/2015, 4:00 PM

Regional farmers market vendor workshop Jan. 30 in Hays -1/8/2015, 9:18 AM

Community Bulletin Board (Jan. 8, 2015) -1/8/2015, 9:18 AM

myTown Calendar

SPOTLIGHT
[var top_story_head]

Teens reporting dating violence and abuse on the rise

Published on -7/8/2013, 7:46 AM

Printer-friendly version
E-Mail This Story

This is the first in a series about abuse and violence in adolescent dating and romantic relationships.

Q: What do we know about teen dating violence and abuse?

A: In 2001, the American Journal of Public Health declared teen dating violence an epidemic. One-third of teens were reporting physical, verbal or emotional abuse.

The Domestic Violence Action Center published a definition of teen dating violence in 2012. It is a pattern of control, in which one person tries to assert power and control over another person through verbal, psychological, physical, emotional or sexual abuse.

The Missouri Coalition Against Domestic and Sexual Violence defines teen dating violence as occurring from ages 13 to 19. The coalition defines three differences between adult and teen romantic relationships. First, the power imbalance is not as unequal in teen relationships. Teen girls are not usually dependent on partners for financial support, nor do most of them have children. Teens also have much more limited experience with romantic relationships and conflict resolution. Third, teens more easily are influenced by peers than are adults.

A website called Violence Against Women Online Resources produces copious information about teen dating violence. A significant fact is dating violence increases with age through time. The website reiterates the behaviors included in different types of teen abuse.

Physical violence includes grabbing, slapping, shoving, hitting and pinching. Emotional abuse includes put-downs, insults, starting rumors, humiliation, threats, accusations, over-dependence, possessiveness, withdrawal of attention, threats to replace the partner and isolating a partner from significant others. Sexual abuse and violence include unwelcome touching, forced sexual activities, pressure for sex, inflicting pain sexually and rape.

This source also emphasizes teen abuse and violence are different from adult violence because of the developmental issues in adolescence. For example, abusive relationships diminish the capacity to think, learn and experience normal socialization processes. Teens also are dependent on parents and thus might be limited in changing schools or peer groups.

The following facts about teen dating violence are taken from a 2006 American Bar Association fact sheet based on the National Teen Dating Violence Prevention Initiative. Comparing adult with teen rates of violence reveals teens are at higher risk. The age range of highest risk is 16 to 24 years, covering late teens and early 20s.

Teen dating violence crosses race, gender and socioeconomic boundaries. Both males and females are victims but with different types of abuse. Girls are more likely to threaten to hurt themselves, yell, pinch, scratch, slap or kick. Boys injure girls more frequently and more seriously. Abuse varies in teen relationships from daily to occasionally.

Close to half of adult sexual offenders report initiating their first sexual offenses prior to age 18. Half the reported date rapes occur with teens. In a survey of parents, 81 percent either thought dating violence was not an issue or did not know. More than half the parents never had discussed dating violence with their children.

In research by Liz Claibourne Inc., 57 percent of teens knew someone who had been physically, sexually or verbally abused in dating. Another 45 percent of girls knew friends who had been pressured into oral or vaginal sex. In a third of teen abusive relationships, the victims told someone.

Various research studies reported on the American Bar Association website address teen perceptions and beliefs about sex. In a study of 1,600 juvenile sex offenders, 33 percent believed sex was a way of caring for someone, whereas 23.5 percent believed sex was a way to feel power and control, 9.4 percent saw sex as a way to dissipate anger and 8.4 percent as a method to punish someone.

In surveys of teens, both abusers and victims blamed victims for violent dating abuse. The causes named were provocation by the female, the victim's personality type, the girl's need for love, communication issues and peer group influences.

In another study, 77 percent of girls and 67 percent of boys endorsed selected forms of sexual coercion, such as unwanted hugging, kissing, genital contact and intercourse. A strong predictor of teen male violence was male peer support in post-secondary educational institutions.

Two facts stand out about teen dating violence. Patterns of dating violence frequently start early and then carry into adult relationships. When this pattern of abuse and violence starts early, the severity increases later in the relationships, or in other later relationships.

The Advocacy for Victims of Abuse 2013 website provides information about why teens keep teen dating violence hidden. Adolescents have little experience with dating relationships, they are pressured by peers into violent behavior, they want independence from their parents, and they have "romantic" views about love.

Another factor mentioned in the New York City website Day One is bystander issues as a reinforcer of silence among teens. In high school surveys, 40 percent of girls and 49 percent of boys reported other teenagers stood by and did nothing when observing abuse. In another study, girls experiencing teen violence reported their predicaments to family, teachers, counselors or another adult only 6 percent of the time.

Another factor reinforcing teen secrecy is the belief unhealthy relationships are the norm. This perception of teen abuse is supported by movies, television, magazines and family dysfunction.

* Next week's article will continue discussing what we know about teen dating violence.

Judy Caprez is an associate professor of social work at Fort Hays State University. Send your questions in care of the department of sociology and social work, Rarick Hall, FHSU.

digg delicious facebook stumbleupon google Newsvine
More News and Photos

Associated Press Videos