www.mozilla.com Weather Central
Voices
Headlines

Sneak exercise into your holiday activities -12/18/2014, 9:13 AM

Natoma Auxiliary spreads cheer -12/18/2014, 9:13 AM

The joys of the holiday season are all around us -12/17/2014, 10:30 AM

First Care Clinic gets grant -12/16/2014, 4:16 PM

Westar Energy expands commitment to Kansas wind energy -12/16/2014, 12:48 PM

Brownback appoints new Cheyenne County commissioner -12/16/2014, 12:48 PM

'The Battle of the Five Armies' lacking -12/16/2014, 8:23 AM

Baby keeps family active -12/16/2014, 8:23 AM

Hays native serves as intern for Moran -12/15/2014, 11:55 AM

Several ways exist to integrate stepfamilies, holidays -12/15/2014, 9:20 AM

Business Briefcase (Dec. 14, 2014) -12/14/2014, 2:59 PM

Soil test information can lead to bountiful financial returns -12/14/2014, 2:59 PM

Clubs and meetings (Dec. 14, 2014) -12/14/2014, 2:59 PM

Community Bulletin Board (Dec. 13, 2014) -12/13/2014, 3:11 PM

The heart of Christmas -12/12/2014, 8:49 AM

DHDC announces new board members -12/11/2014, 4:17 PM

Area student selected to livestock judging team -12/11/2014, 8:50 AM

Bake ahead, freeze for holidays -12/11/2014, 8:50 AM

Extension estate planning workshops announced -12/10/2014, 3:31 PM

Remembering the Japanese invasion, World War II -12/10/2014, 10:12 AM

DHDC kicks off annual partnership program -12/9/2014, 12:05 PM

A few holiday movies to enjoy -- again -12/9/2014, 9:31 AM

New addition to family brings smiles to faces -12/9/2014, 8:18 AM

Steps can be taken to help stepfamilies adjust to holidays -12/8/2014, 9:41 AM

Genetically modified organism fact or fiction -12/7/2014, 4:12 PM

Clubs and meetings (Dec. 7, 2014) -12/7/2014, 4:11 PM

Yes, there is a Santa Claus -12/5/2014, 9:03 AM

Getting out of balance disrupts life satisfaction -12/5/2014, 9:03 AM

A month of busyness at Hays Public Library -12/5/2014, 9:03 AM

Cookie exchange raises money for children -12/4/2014, 3:27 PM

Master honored with inaugural award -12/4/2014, 8:55 AM

DCF unveils new Hays service center -12/3/2014, 3:29 PM

What's in a color -12/3/2014, 8:57 AM

Several honored for milestone celebrations -12/3/2014, 8:57 AM

A chance encounter overseas -12/3/2014, 8:57 AM

FHSU bands to perform Friday -12/2/2014, 10:19 AM

Dealing with stepfamilies during the holidays -12/1/2014, 8:48 AM

Study finds GMO's safe for livestock -11/30/2014, 3:36 PM

Business Briefcase (Nov. 30, 2014) -11/30/2014, 3:36 PM

Clubs and meetings (Nov. 30, 2014) -11/30/2014, 3:35 PM

Real Black Friday began thousands of years ago -11/28/2014, 9:22 AM

A lifetime of achievements in 4-H -11/26/2014, 7:45 AM

Fort Hays honors courses will serve as pilot courses -11/26/2014, 7:35 AM

Yoders welcome a new baby boy recently -11/25/2014, 9:34 AM

Stepfamily dynamics can be tricky to manage -11/24/2014, 9:55 AM

Clubs and meetings (Nov. 23, 2014) -11/23/2014, 3:11 PM

Business Briefcase (Nov. 23, 2014) -11/23/2014, 3:11 PM

Local Knights of Columbus announce essay winners -11/21/2014, 8:57 AM

Grocery collection for ECMA on Saturday -11/21/2014, 8:56 AM

Feast on these holiday savings this season -11/20/2014, 8:13 AM

Birthdays (Nov. 20, 2014) -11/20/2014, 8:13 AM

HPMH partners with counties for outreach -11/19/2014, 3:49 PM

Kansas Next Step announces honors -11/19/2014, 2:09 PM

Senior volunteers honored for years of service to communities -11/19/2014, 9:09 AM

Living life by the five senses -- plus another -11/19/2014, 9:09 AM

'Big Hero 6' is slightly under-inflated -11/18/2014, 9:15 AM

KHP gives tips for safe Thanksgiving travel -11/17/2014, 1:06 PM

Latest donations move FHSU closer to goal -11/17/2014, 1:06 PM

Kansas is reading to preschoolers -11/17/2014, 12:56 PM

Great American Smokeout is Thursday -11/17/2014, 11:35 AM

Keep little helpers safe in kitchen -11/17/2014, 11:35 AM

Moran receives Legislator of Year Award from home care association -11/17/2014, 11:26 AM

Hammond named to fraternity commission -11/17/2014, 9:45 AM

No stepfamily is immune to holiday stress -11/17/2014, 9:26 AM

Community Bulletin Board (Nov. 17, 2014) -11/17/2014, 9:26 AM

Get the most from grazing crop residue -11/16/2014, 5:35 PM

Clubs and meetings (Nov. 16, 2014) -11/16/2014, 12:52 PM

Choice overload -11/14/2014, 9:05 AM

God and Ebola -11/14/2014, 9:05 AM

Birthday -11/13/2014, 8:30 AM

10 tips for stress-free Thanksgiving cooking, planning -11/13/2014, 8:30 AM

Do you need that annual mammogram? -11/12/2014, 11:52 AM

'Warcraft' preview stirs excitement; 'Interstellar' is solid -11/11/2014, 8:40 AM

Favorite coffee cake and being introduced to Sassy Sundae -11/11/2014, 8:40 AM

Many types of stressors can affect holidays -11/10/2014, 9:09 AM

Time for film's encore, German cooking at library -11/10/2014, 9:09 AM

Business Briefcase (Nov. 9, 2014) -11/9/2014, 4:30 PM

Westview hosting youth lock-in -11/7/2014, 8:22 AM

A prayer that stands the test of time still holds true today -11/7/2014, 8:22 AM

Extension program gives tech tips for parents -11/6/2014, 9:24 AM

Birthdays -11/6/2014, 9:24 AM

Foreigners must report land holdings -11/5/2014, 3:39 PM

Jana's Campaign fundraiser nets $33,000 -11/5/2014, 10:29 AM

Getting out and voting, because I can -11/5/2014, 8:40 AM

Waterline works will hamper traffic -11/4/2014, 4:08 PM

Email issues resolved -11/4/2014, 11:43 AM

Gloria's birthday present, followed by barbecue pizza -11/4/2014, 8:41 AM

Many live in stepfamilies in United States today -11/3/2014, 8:58 AM

Taking care in providing proper animal health -11/2/2014, 8:31 AM

Clubs and meetings (Nov. 2, 2014) -11/2/2014, 11:10 AM

After 5 gathering Nov. 10 in Hays -10/31/2014, 7:50 AM

Time for trick or treating -10/31/2014, 7:49 AM

Gella's to show Turning Points film encore -10/30/2014, 1:53 PM

State's Cold Weather Rule takes effect Saturday -10/29/2014, 9:33 AM

'John Wick' is efficient excitement for flick -10/28/2014, 9:07 AM

Serving up homemade cinnamon rolls -10/28/2014, 9:07 AM

Hansen Foundation awards grant to HaysMed Foundation -10/27/2014, 10:20 AM

HaysMed's cardiovascular-stroke team earns award -10/27/2014, 10:11 AM

Signs of suicide in teens should be dealt with quickly -10/27/2014, 8:58 AM

c_ -10/26/2014, 5:57 PM

myTown Calendar

SPOTLIGHT
[var top_story_head]

Both genders can get wrapped up in dating violence

Published on -7/15/2013, 7:47 AM

Printer-friendly version
E-Mail This Story

This is the second in a series about abuse and violence in adolescent dating and romantic relationships.

Q: What else do we know about teen dating violence and abuse?

A: Several recent studies report teens do not see the negative consequences of dating abuse and violence as reported online on the Pediatric Partners website in an article All About Children. Teens also do not see the relationship between abusive relationships and poor health.

In an online publication from the Alabama Coalition Against Domestic Violence, there are factors itemized about male and female beliefs that support teen violence and abuse. With boys, they believe they have the rights to control females in any way possible. They define masculinity in terms of physical aggression. They believe in possessive behavior. They feel they should demand intimacy, and they fear loss of respect if they show attention and support toward girlfriends.

Girls have different belief systems. They believe they are the problem-solvers in romantic relationships. They perceive boyfriend jealousy, possessiveness and physical abuse as romantic. They feel abuse is normal as their friends also are being abused. They perceive no one to ask for help.

In a Domestic Violence Action Center online article, there is an explanation about teenagers perceiving only physical violence as abuse. They do not understand verbal and emotional abuse can be even more damaging. As abuse continues, teenage victims begin to believe they are responsible and therefore deserve abuse. They have no insight into the fact violence is cyclic and generally escalates the longer partners stay in a relationship.

In an article from the National Institute of Justice Journal, authors Carrie Mulford, Ph.D., and Peggy C. Giordano, Ph.D., present a gender-based perspective on team dating violence based on current research. Summarizing the findings from three main studies of teenagers, the authors conclude there is frequent mutual aggression between boys and girls in dating relationships. However, the motivations between genders is both different and similar.

The article states both boys and girls report anger as the primary motivation for using violence. Girls also commonly report self-defense as a motive for using violence, whereas boys commonly report the need for control.

The majority of violence studies to date on teens have used acts of violence to measure the extent of violence. These acts include hitting, pushing and slapping. The studies showed slightly more women than men initiated these acts.

Other researchers contend scales based on acts lack information on power and control and emphasize relatively minor forms of aggression. These researchers used data on injuries and in-depth interviews with both victims and perpetrators.

Mulford and Giordano believe both views are problematic because they are adult perspectives about teen violence. There are several key areas of difference between adult and teen romantic relationships.

The power differential is less for teens, as they are not financial partners and do not usually have children. In a study of seventh, ninth and 11th grades in Toledo, Ohio, both boys and girls believed they had equal power. With an imbalance, girls were named more often than boys as the ones more powerful.

Secondly, teens have a lack of experience in negotiating relationships. Poor coping strategies can lead to verbal and physical aggression. Teens in focus groups reported physical aggression resulted from an inability to express feelings and a lack of positive ways to handle frustration.

The third marked difference between adult and teen romances is the influence of peers. Peer attitudes and behavior influence teen dating behavior profoundly. In addition, peers are much more likely to be present in teen dating. Boys have reported if girls hit them in front of friends, they would need to hit back to save face.

Mulford and Giordano emphasize girls practice high levels of physical and emotional abuse, and most teen relationships are mutually aggressive. Thus, both prevention programs and services should be directed toward boys and girls.

According to Violence Against Women Online Resources, statistics on teens do not account for whether female violence was self-defense. The violent acts also do not account for severity of injury or the higher rate of sexual violence experiences of female teens in their dating relationships.

An article on teen dating violence from the Children's Safety Network cited studies showing girls initiate dating violence more often than boys, but are more likely to experience fear and serious injuries, including sexual abuse.

A study on dating violence among Canadian youth, reported by the Sex Information and Education Council of Canada, surveyed youth about attitudes toward and experiences with abuse and violence. Results showed 62 percent of girls and 60 percent of boys experienced some form of psychological abuse, such as insults, threats and intimidating behavior. More boys (41 percent) reported they were victims of physical aggression than girls (29 percent). Both boys (40 percent) and girls (44 percent) had experienced sexual coercion. Many teens reported both physical and psychological dating abuse.

* Next week's article will continue with a discussion of red flags and risk factors for teenage dating abuse and violence.

Judy Caprez is an associate professor of social work at Fort Hays State University. Send your questions in care of the department of sociology and social work, Rarick Hall, FHSU.

digg delicious facebook stumbleupon google Newsvine
More News and Photos

Associated Press Videos