PREPARING YOUR RESUME
You want to apply for a job. Do you need a resume? That depends on
the kind of job you're applying for:
RESUME SOMETIMES REQUIRED
RESUME NOT REQUIRED
technical, administrative and managerial jobs. Sales positions
jobs (Examples: Baker, Hotel Clerk,
quick turnover jobs (Examples: Fast Food Server, Laborers,
Machine Loader, Cannery
Tips for Good Resumes
You need two types of information to prepare your resume:
- Self information.
You need to know your job talents, work history,
education and career goals. Did you complete your background and
experience list on page four? If you did, you have the self
information required to prepare your resume.
- Job information.
Gather specific information on the job you're
applying for. Here's what you need:
- Job duties
(to match your skills to the skills needed for the job).
Get your job duties from the job announcement. If the announcement
or ad is vague, call the employer and ask for a description of job
and experience required (again, so you can match your
education and experience with that required for the job).
- Hours and shifts usually worked.
- Pay range
(make their top offer the minimum acceptable!).
With the information on yourself and the job you're applying for,
you're ready to write your resume.
Two Types of Resumes:
- Reverse chronological
resumes list jobs you've had. Your most
recent job is listed first, your job before that is listed second, and
so on. Each job has employment dates and job duties.
resumes describe your skills, abilities and
accomplishments that relate to the job you're applying for. Employment
history is less detailed than chronological resumes.
What kind of resume should you use?
Answer the following questions:
- Have you progressed
up a clearly defined career ladder, and you're
looking for job advancement?
- Do you have
recent job experience at one or more companies?
If your answer is yes, use a REVERSE CHRONOLOGICAL resume.
- Are you a displaced homemaker?
- Are you a
veteran and you want to relate your military training to
- Do you have little or no job experience?
- Do you have gaps in your work history?
- Is the job
you're applying for different from your present or
- Do you want
to emphasize your work skills and accomplishments
instead of describing your job duties?
If your answer
to any of these questions is yes, use a FUNCTIONAL
Tips for Preparing a Functional Resume:
- Study the
duties for the job you're applying for. Identify 2 or 3
general skills that are important to the job.
- Review your
background and experience list. Find talents and
accomplishments that demonstrate your ability to perform the job
- List your
talents and accomplishments under the job skills they
- Use simple, short, active sentences. This applicant is still in high school. He wants to work part time until he graduates.
Example of Functional Resumes
10 Tips for the Effective Resume
The following rules apply to all resumes:
- If possible,
use a computer to prepare your resume. There are
computer programs that make it easy to produce a professional
looking resume. Your local school, library, Employment Service
local office or "quick print" shop can help.
- Do not include
irrelevant personal information (age, weight,
height, marital status, etc.).
- Do not include salary and wages.
- Center or justify all headings. Don't use abbreviations.
- Be positive. Identify accomplishments.
- Use action verbs (see the list below).
- Be specific.
Use concise sentences. Keep it short (one page is
- Make sure your resume "looks good" (neat and readable).
the master copy carefully. Have someone else proofread
the master copy carefully.
- Inspect photocopies for clarity, smudges and marks.
give your resume power and direction. Try to begin all
skills statements with an action verb. Here is a sample of action verbs
for different types of skills: