Average net farm income in Kansas plummeted to $4,568 in 2015 or less than 5 percent of the previous year’s average of $128,731, according to annual Kansas Farm Management Association member data. The 2015 level was the lowest average level of nominal net farm income since 1985.
The average net farm income — recorded on an accrual basis — had been slipping, but until 2015 had been more than $120,000 for several years. In 2015, however, the drop was more akin to falling off a cliff. Average net farm income across the state was $159,352 in 2012 before dipping to $140,356 in 2013 and $128,731 in 2014, then falling to $4,568 in 2015. Net farm income represents the amount a farm has available to use for debt repayment, family living and expansion.
Across all farms, the gross crop value per acre in 2015 was $315.92, down from $339.36 in 2014, $407.27 in 2013 and $421.44 in 2012.
Generally, across the state, farms that primarily focused on dairy production, cow herds and irrigated crop farms fared better than dryland farming, livestock backgrounding and farms that grew crops and had livestock backgrounding operations, said Kevin Herbel, KFMA program administrator.
U.S. beef cattle prices dropped from an average $166 per hundredweight (cwt) in January 2015 to $132 by January 2016 — the largest one-year drop on record, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Economic Research Service.
“As we come out of a period of strong profitability in the agriculture sector and enter this current downturn, it is important for producers and their advisers to know and understand the financial position and financial performance on each operation,” said Herbel, noting not all Kansas farmers are KFMA members. But the annual report can be viewed as a reflection of financial conditions for farmers across the state, especially when comparing one year to the next. The data presented in the 2015 analysis came from 1,159 KFMA member farms and ranches.
In 2015, southwest Kansas farms fared better than in other areas of the state, with net farm income of $37,423. North-central Kansas farms averaged $11,452, southeast, $15,119 and northwest farms averaged a loss of $2,972. South-central farms averaged a loss of $9,730 and northeast a loss of $11,777.
Debt levels increased by $30,550 per farm with 59 percent of the increase in current debt and 41 percent in intermediate and long-term debt. With the change, the debt-to-asset level increased to 21.5 percent from 20.2 percent for the average farm during 2015.
“While profitability was low in 2015, this still represents a strong balance sheet at the end of the year,” according to the KFMA report.
With that said, in this environment, “we will probably see some restructured debt,” said Mark Wood, KFMA economist for northwest Kansas, based in Colby.
One result of the lower grain and livestock prices and subsequent drop in net farm income is that machinery purchases have slowed, the economists said. Also, total family living expenses for KFMA member farms in 2015 averaged $69,956, down from $74,447 in 2014.
Managing in this environment
“We’re still facing (in 2016) lower grain prices — maybe for some time,” Herbel said, noting in times like this, producers should identify their cost advantages. In other words, identify the enterprises on their farms that have the most ability to deal with current commodity prices.
Crop rotation choices, knowing costs and particularly where a producer can have a cost advantage are of primary importance right now and for the months ahead, the economists said.
“In situations like this, it’s important to not sit back and see what’s going to happen,” Herbel said. “Now’s the time to manage your current financial position, manage your cost structure and look at using your resources, including labor and equipment, as efficiently as possible.
“Identify areas where you can improve as well as areas of strength you can build on through this time of difficulty in agriculture.”
The complete KFMA report is available online at www.agmanager.info/kfma.
Stacy Campbell is a
Kansas State Research and
Extension agent for Ellis County.